NL-DBRP_159 2SA.3 2SA.4 PSA.108 ROM.12

2SAMUEL 3-4:
In yesterday’s story, David was anointed as king over his own tribe of Judah, while all the rest of Israel followed Saul’s son, Ishbosheth. Ishbosheth was not a strong leader, but was put in place by Abner, the general. Joab was David’s military commander. In the first battle, it is significant that Abner killed Joab’s brother Asahel. David’s troops decisively won their first battle in the civil war.

PSALM 108:
This is a psalm of exalted praise, and a song asking God for military victory.

ROMANS 12a:
Yesterday at the end of Romans 11, we came to the end of the long parenthesis. God is seen as both kind and severe. He is severe toward those who refuse to believe. Belief is not something that just happens without our control. It is an act of the will to believe. That is why the stubborn disbelief of the Israelites is called ‘disobedience’.

This chapter marks the beginning of the practical section of Romans. In other words, this part shows the way we should live based on the teachings given in the chapters before.

GNT Translation notes:
Ps. 108:1 I have complete confidence [in You], O God! I will sing and praise you! Wake up, my soul!
7 From [your//his] sanctuary [O God, You have//God has] said, “In triumph I will divide Shechem and distribute Sukkoth Valley to my people.  
11 Have you really rejected us? Aren’t you going to march out[ O Lord] with our armies?
13 With [You, O God,//God] on our side we will win; [You//he] will defeat our enemies.
====

Rom. 12:1 So then, my friends, because [God has shown such great mercy to us in many ways//of God’s great mercy to us] I appeal to you: Offer yourselves as a living sacrifice to God, dedicated to his service and pleasing to him. This is the true worship that you should offer.
3 And because of God’s gracious gift to me I say to every one of you: Do not think of yourself more highly than you should. Instead, be modest in your thinking, and judge yourself according to the amount of [belief//faith] that God has given you.
6 So we are to use our different gifts in accordance with the grace that God has given us. If our gift is to speak God’s message, we should do it [in accordance with what we believe//according to the faith that we have];

NLT Translation notes:
Ps. 108:6 Now [please] rescue your beloved people.
Answer and save us by your power.
7 [O] God [You have//has] promised this by [your/his] holiness:
“I will divide up Shechem with joy.
I will measure out the valley of Succoth.
13 With [your help, O God,//God’s help] we will do mighty things,
for [you/he] will trample down our foes.
====
Rom. 12:1 And so [/therefore], dear brothers and sisters, I plead with you to give your bodies to God because of all [the merciful things] he has done for you. Let them be a living and holy sacrifice?the kind he will find acceptable. This is truly the way to worship him.
3 Because of the privilege and authorityc God has given me, I give each of you this warning: Don’t think you are better than you really are. Be honest in your evaluation of yourselves, measuring yourselves by the [true beliefs//faith] God has given us.
6 In his grace, God has given us different gifts for doing certain things well. So if God has given you the ability to prophesy, speak out with as much [belief//faith] as God has given you.

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GN-DBRP_158 2SA.2 PSA.107.23-43 ROM.11.17-36

2SAMUEL 2:
David heard of Israel’s terrible defeat and of Saul and Jonathan’s deaths, and he exacted the death sentence from the lying messenger. David and his men mourned for the deaths of  Saul and Jonathan, and David composed a funeral song for them.

PSALM 107b:
Yesterday I commented on how quickly our culture forgets about God. After a natural disaster, it becomes popular in the media to talk about praying for the victims. But God is not even mentioned, and soon any pretense of awe or fear of God is dropped. But Psalm 107 speaks of people who see God’s hand at work and make lasting changes. The poem ends with this summary:

NLT The godly will see these things and be glad,
while the wicked are struck silent.
43 Those who are wise will take all this to heart;
they will see in our history the faithful love of the LORD.

ROMANS 11b:
Paul comes to the end of a long parenthesis at the end of this chapter. He ends with a conclusion just before a doxology:

NLT 33 Oh, how great are God’s riches and wisdom and knowledge! How impossible it is for us to understand his decisions and his ways!
34 For who can know the LORD’s thoughts?
Who knows enough to give him advice?
35 And who has given him so much
that he needs to pay it back?

NLT Translation notes:
Rom 11:11 Did God’s people stumble and fall beyond recovery? Of course not! They were disobedient, so God made salvation available to the [non-Jews//Gentiles]. But he wanted his own people to become jealous and claim it for themselves.
12 Now if the [non-Jews//Gentiles] were enriched because the people of Israel turned down God’s offer of salvation, think how much greater a blessing the world will share when they finally accept it.
13 I am saying all this especially for you [non-Jews//Gentiles]. God has appointed me as [an//the] apostle to the [non-Jews//Gentiles]. I stress this,
14 for I want somehow to make the people of Israel jealous of what you [non-Jews//Gentiles] have, so I might save some of them.
16 And since Abraham and the other patriarchs were holy, their descendants will also be holy?just as the entire batch of dough is holy because the portion given as an offering [to God] is holy. For if the roots of the tree are holy, the branches will be, too.
17 But some of these branches from Abraham’s tree?some of the people of Israel?have been broken off. And you [non-Jews//Gentiles], who were [like] branches from a wild olive tree, have been grafted in. So now you also receive the blessing God has promised Abraham and his children, sharing in the rich nourishment from the root of God’s special olive tree.
21 For if God did not spare the original branches, he won’tf spare you either [if you turn from your belief].
25 I want you to understand this mystery, dear brothers and sisters,g so that you will not feel proud about yourselves. Some of the people of Israel have hard hearts, but this will last only until the full number of [non-Jews//Gentiles] comes to Christ.
28 Many of the people of Israel are now enemies of the Good News, and this benefits you [non-Jews//Gentiles]. Yet they are still the people he loves because he chose their ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
30 Once, you [non-Jews//Gentiles] were rebels against God, but when the people of Israel rebelled against him, God was merciful to you instead.
31 Now they are the rebels, and God’s mercy has come to you so that they, too, will [some day/eventually] share in God’s mercy.

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NL-DBRP_158 2SA.2 PSA.107.23-43 ROM.11.17-36

2SAMUEL 2:
David heard of Israel’s terrible defeat and of Saul and Jonathan’s deaths, and he exacted the death sentence from the lying messenger. David and his men mourned for the deaths of  Saul and Jonathan, and David composed a funeral song for them.

PSALM 107b:
Yesterday I commented on how quickly our culture forgets about God. After a natural disaster, it becomes popular in the media to talk about praying for the victims. But God is not even mentioned, and soon any pretense of awe or fear of God is dropped. But Psalm 107 speaks of people who see God’s hand at work and make lasting changes. The poem ends with this summary:

NLT The godly will see these things and be glad,
while the wicked are struck silent.
43 Those who are wise will take all this to heart;
they will see in our history the faithful love of the LORD.

ROMANS 11b:
Paul comes to the end of a long parenthesis at the end of this chapter. He ends with a conclusion just before a doxology:

NLT 33 Oh, how great are God’s riches and wisdom and knowledge! How impossible it is for us to understand his decisions and his ways!
34 For who can know the LORD’s thoughts?
Who knows enough to give him advice?
35 And who has given him so much
that he needs to pay it back?

NLT Translation notes:
Rom 11:11 Did God’s people stumble and fall beyond recovery? Of course not! They were disobedient, so God made salvation available to the [non-Jews//Gentiles]. But he wanted his own people to become jealous and claim it for themselves.
12 Now if the [non-Jews//Gentiles] were enriched because the people of Israel turned down God’s offer of salvation, think how much greater a blessing the world will share when they finally accept it.
13 I am saying all this especially for you [non-Jews//Gentiles]. God has appointed me as [an//the] apostle to the [non-Jews//Gentiles]. I stress this,
14 for I want somehow to make the people of Israel jealous of what you [non-Jews//Gentiles] have, so I might save some of them.
16 And since Abraham and the other patriarchs were holy, their descendants will also be holy?just as the entire batch of dough is holy because the portion given as an offering [to God] is holy. For if the roots of the tree are holy, the branches will be, too.
17 But some of these branches from Abraham’s tree?some of the people of Israel?have been broken off. And you [non-Jews//Gentiles], who were [like] branches from a wild olive tree, have been grafted in. So now you also receive the blessing God has promised Abraham and his children, sharing in the rich nourishment from the root of God’s special olive tree.
21 For if God did not spare the original branches, he won’tf spare you either [if you turn from your belief].
25 I want you to understand this mystery, dear brothers and sisters,g so that you will not feel proud about yourselves. Some of the people of Israel have hard hearts, but this will last only until the full number of [non-Jews//Gentiles] comes to Christ.
28 Many of the people of Israel are now enemies of the Good News, and this benefits you [non-Jews//Gentiles]. Yet they are still the people he loves because he chose their ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
30 Once, you [non-Jews//Gentiles] were rebels against God, but when the people of Israel rebelled against him, God was merciful to you instead.
31 Now they are the rebels, and God’s mercy has come to you so that they, too, will [some day/eventually] share in God’s mercy.

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GN-DBRP_157 2SA.1 PSA.107.1-22 ROM.11.1-24

2SAMUEL 1:
David returned from being sent home from the battle with Israel only to find that his town had been ransacked by the Amalekites. He found strength in God, asked for God to direct him, and succeeded in retrieving everything, and even much more. However in Israel, Saul and his three sons died, and the Israelite army was completely defeated.

PSALM 107a:
We come to another of my favorite psalms. In E.C. Olsen’s book on the psalms (which is a transcription of his radio programs) he said that this psalm has a message for America. That message is in the repeated refrain found in this psalm. Then Olsen gave examples of the Great Depression starting in 1929, the Dust Bowl plagues in 1933-34, and the drought of 1936. Olsen observed, “Do you think we heeded [God’s warnings]? Indeed not. ? Did we cease our wicked doings? Indeed not.” And I similarly ask about the increasing pace of disasters right now. My observation is that we as a nation turned to God when we confronted the first disasters. But our turning to God lasted only a few days. Now, even as natural disasters multiply, we steadfastly talk of Climate Change and never talk about God. Consequently, we do NOT do like the people we hear about in this psalm.

ROMANS 11a:
As Paul said in his topic sentence in this book (Rom. 1:16-17), the way God has revealed for making people right with himself is? from start to finish, by means of fully believing. In chapter 10 we have a great and succinct summation of the content that we are to ‘fully believe’. Our confessing the belief that is in our hearts is also important. At the end of chapter 10 there are a series of Old Testament quotes. Two of those quotes are about the non-Jews. Paul was not changing his topic. He is still talking about Jewish rejection of the Gospel. The two Old Testament prophecies about the non-Jews (19-20) are quoted as a powerful sign to the Jews. This is the topic Paul continues with in chapter 11.

NLT Translation notes:
Rom 11:11 Did God’s people stumble and fall beyond recovery? Of course not! They were disobedient, so God made salvation available to the [non-Jews//Gentiles]. But he wanted his own people to become jealous and claim it for themselves.
12 Now if the [non-Jews//Gentiles] were enriched because the people of Israel turned down God’s offer of salvation, think how much greater a blessing the world will share when they finally accept it.
13 I am saying all this especially for you [non-Jews//Gentiles]. God has appointed me as [an//the] apostle to the [non-Jews//Gentiles]. I stress this,
14 for I want somehow to make the people of Israel jealous of what you [non-Jews//Gentiles] have, so I might save some of them.
16 And since Abraham and the other patriarchs were holy, their descendants will also be holy?just as the entire batch of dough is holy because the portion given as an offering [to God] is holy. For if the roots of the tree are holy, the branches will be, too.
17 But some of these branches from Abraham’s tree?some of the people of Israel?have been broken off. And you [non-Jews//Gentiles], who were [like] branches from a wild olive tree, have been grafted in. So now you also receive the blessing God has promised Abraham and his children, sharing in the rich nourishment from the root of God’s special olive tree.
21 For if God did not spare the original branches, he won’t spare you either [if you turn from your belief].
25 I want you to understand this mystery, dear brothers and sisters, so that you will not feel proud about yourselves. Some of the people of Israel have hard hearts, but this will last only until the full number of [non-Jews//Gentiles] comes to Christ.
28 Many of the people of Israel are now enemies of the Good News, and this benefits you [non-Jews//Gentiles]. Yet they are still the people he loves because he chose their ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
30 Once, you [non-Jews//Gentiles] were rebels against God, but when the people of Israel rebelled against him, God was merciful to you instead.

Right-click to download, then choose Save link as.

NL-DBRP_157 2SA.1 PSA.107.1-22 ROM.11.1-24

2SAMUEL 1:
David returned from being sent home from the battle with Israel only to find that his town had been ransacked by the Amalekites. He found strength in God, asked for God to direct him, and succeeded in retrieving everything, and even much more. However in Israel, Saul and his three sons died, and the Israelite army was completely defeated.

PSALM 107a:
We come to another of my favorite psalms. In E.C. Olsen’s book on the psalms (which is a transcription of his radio programs) he said that this psalm has a message for America. That message is in the repeated refrain found in this psalm. Then Olsen gave examples of the Great Depression starting in 1929, the Dust Bowl plagues in 1933-34, and the drought of 1936. Olsen observed, “Do you think we heeded [God’s warnings]? Indeed not. ? Did we cease our wicked doings? Indeed not.” And I similarly ask about the increasing pace of disasters right now. My observation is that we as a nation turned to God when we confronted the first disasters. But our turning to God lasted only a few days. Now, even as natural disasters multiply, we steadfastly talk of Climate Change and never talk about God. Consequently, we do NOT do like the people we hear about in this psalm.

ROMANS 11a:
As Paul said in his topic sentence in this book (Rom. 1:16-17), the way God has revealed for making people right with himself is? from start to finish, by means of fully believing. In chapter 10 we have a great and succinct summation of the content that we are to ‘fully believe’. Our confessing the belief that is in our hearts is also important. At the end of chapter 10 there are a series of Old Testament quotes. Two of those quotes are about the non-Jews. Paul was not changing his topic. He is still talking about Jewish rejection of the Gospel. The two Old Testament prophecies about the non-Jews (19-20) are quoted as a powerful sign to the Jews. This is the topic Paul continues with in chapter 11.

NLT Translation notes:
Rom 11:11 Did God’s people stumble and fall beyond recovery? Of course not! They were disobedient, so God made salvation available to the [non-Jews//Gentiles]. But he wanted his own people to become jealous and claim it for themselves.
12 Now if the [non-Jews//Gentiles] were enriched because the people of Israel turned down God’s offer of salvation, think how much greater a blessing the world will share when they finally accept it.
13 I am saying all this especially for you [non-Jews//Gentiles]. God has appointed me as [an//the] apostle to the [non-Jews//Gentiles]. I stress this,
14 for I want somehow to make the people of Israel jealous of what you [non-Jews//Gentiles] have, so I might save some of them.
16 And since Abraham and the other patriarchs were holy, their descendants will also be holy?just as the entire batch of dough is holy because the portion given as an offering [to God] is holy. For if the roots of the tree are holy, the branches will be, too.
17 But some of these branches from Abraham’s tree?some of the people of Israel?have been broken off. And you [non-Jews//Gentiles], who were [like] branches from a wild olive tree, have been grafted in. So now you also receive the blessing God has promised Abraham and his children, sharing in the rich nourishment from the root of God’s special olive tree.
21 For if God did not spare the original branches, he won’t spare you either [if you turn from your belief].
25 I want you to understand this mystery, dear brothers and sisters, so that you will not feel proud about yourselves. Some of the people of Israel have hard hearts, but this will last only until the full number of [non-Jews//Gentiles] comes to Christ.
28 Many of the people of Israel are now enemies of the Good News, and this benefits you [non-Jews//Gentiles]. Yet they are still the people he loves because he chose their ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
30 Once, you [non-Jews//Gentiles] were rebels against God, but when the people of Israel rebelled against him, God was merciful to you instead.

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GN-DBRP_156 1SA.30 1SA.31 PSA.106.24-48 ROM.10 ROM.11.1-2a

1SAMUEL 30-31:
The Philistines mustered their armies for full-scale war with Saul and the Israelites. Saul had already done a right thing in expelling all the mediums from Israel. But, since God had turned from him and would not answer him, he resorted to a medium during his darkest hour. It does not bother me too much to say that God spoke through that medium. It seems so by the evidence. But if so, it was an exception. God’s word says to never consult a medium. In fact, mediums are to be stoned to death. David was preparing to go to war in support of Achish, or was he really?!

PSALM 106b:
Psalm 106 is a companion to 105, as it again is a historical psalm. I see a very significant correspondence with the section of Romans we are now reading. Can you see it?

Re-reading ROMANS 10, plus 11:1-2a:
Some of the most famous and often quoted words of the New Testament are in this chapter. Paul continues to compare and contrast God’s way vs. the Jewish default way.

GNT Translation notes:
Ps.106:26 So he [gave//have] them a solemn warning that he would make them die in the desert
====
Rom. 10:6 But what the scripture says about being put right with God through faith is this: “You are not to ask yourself, Who will go up into heaven?” (that is, to bring Christ down).
7 “Nor are you to ask, Who will go down into the world below?” (that [would be//is], to bring Christ up from death).
8 What it says is this: “God’s message is near you, on your lips and in your heart”?that [would be//is], the message [about believing//of faith] that we preach.
10 For it is by our [believing//faith] that we are put right with God; it is by our confession that we are saved.
17 So then, [people believe through//faith comes from] hearing the message, and the message [is conveyed//comes] through preaching [about] Christ.
18 But I ask: Is it true that [the people of Israel//they] did not hear the message? Of course they did?for as the scripture says: [PET “The sun, moon, and all of the stars speak the news about God to the whole world that He is the one who created everything. So people have no reason not to know God.”//”The sound of their voice went out to all the world; their words reached the ends of the earth.”]
19 Again I ask: Did the people of Israel not understand? Moses himself is the first one to answer[, when he quotes God’s words]: “I will use a so-called nation to make my people jealous; and by means of a nation of fools I will make my people angry.”
20 And Isaiah is even bolder when he [quotes God, saying//says], “I was found by those who were not looking for me; I appeared to those who were not asking for me.”

NLT Translation notes:
Ps. 106:34 [And then] Israel failed to destroy the nations in the land,
as the LORD had commanded them.
====
Rom. 10:6 But faith’s way of getting right with God says, “Don’t say in your heart, ‘Who will go up to heaven [for us]?’ (to bring Christ down to earth).
7 And don’t say, ‘Who will go down to the place of the dead [for us]?’ (to bring Christ back to life again).”
8 In fact, it says,
“The message is very close at hand;
it is on your lips and in your heart.”
And that message is the very message about [fully believing which//faith that] we preach:
11 As the Scriptures tell us, “Anyone who [believes//trusts] in him will never be disgraced.”
[Here in rapid succession, NLT used three English words for one word in Greek. I continue to maintain that using one word will help us understand what Paul is saying. I think the NLT would be better if either ‘trust’ or ‘believe’ were used consistently. ‘Faith’ is too fuzzy and abstract in English, which can lead to strange, unbiblical interpretations.]
17 So [people fully believe through//faith comes from] hearing, that is, hearing the Good News about Christ.
19 But I ask, did the people of Israel really understand? Yes, they did, for even in the time of Moses, God said,
“I will rouse your jealousy through people who are not even a nation.
I will provoke your anger through the foolish [non-Jews//Gentiles].”

Right-click to download, then choose Save link as.

NL-DBRP_156 1SA.30 1SA.31 PSA.106.24-48 ROM.10 ROM.11.1-2a

1SAMUEL 30-31:
The Philistines mustered their armies for full-scale war with Saul and the Israelites. Saul had already done a right thing in expelling all the mediums from Israel. But, since God had turned from him and would not answer him, he resorted to a medium during his darkest hour. It does not bother me too much to say that God spoke through that medium. It seems so by the evidence. But if so, it was an exception. God’s word says to never consult a medium. In fact, mediums are to be stoned to death. David was preparing to go to war in support of Achish, or was he really?!

PSALM 106b:
Psalm 106 is a companion to 105, as it again is a historical psalm. I see a very significant correspondence with the section of Romans we are now reading. Can you see it?

Re-reading ROMANS 10, plus 11:1-2a:
Some of the most famous and often quoted words of the New Testament are in this chapter. Paul continues to compare and contrast God’s way vs. the Jewish default way.

GNT Translation notes:
Ps.106:26 So he [gave//have] them a solemn warning that he would make them die in the desert
====
Rom. 10:6 But what the scripture says about being put right with God through faith is this: “You are not to ask yourself, Who will go up into heaven?” (that is, to bring Christ down).
7 “Nor are you to ask, Who will go down into the world below?” (that [would be//is], to bring Christ up from death).
8 What it says is this: “God’s message is near you, on your lips and in your heart”?that [would be//is], the message [about believing//of faith] that we preach.
10 For it is by our [believing//faith] that we are put right with God; it is by our confession that we are saved.
17 So then, [people believe through//faith comes from] hearing the message, and the message [is conveyed//comes] through preaching [about] Christ.
18 But I ask: Is it true that [the people of Israel//they] did not hear the message? Of course they did?for as the scripture says: [PET “The sun, moon, and all of the stars speak the news about God to the whole world that He is the one who created everything. So people have no reason not to know God.”//”The sound of their voice went out to all the world; their words reached the ends of the earth.”]
19 Again I ask: Did the people of Israel not understand? Moses himself is the first one to answer[, when he quotes God’s words]: “I will use a so-called nation to make my people jealous; and by means of a nation of fools I will make my people angry.”
20 And Isaiah is even bolder when he [quotes God, saying//says], “I was found by those who were not looking for me; I appeared to those who were not asking for me.”

NLT Translation notes:
Ps. 106:34 [And then] Israel failed to destroy the nations in the land,
as the LORD had commanded them.
====
Rom. 10:6 But faith’s way of getting right with God says, “Don’t say in your heart, ‘Who will go up to heaven [for us]?’ (to bring Christ down to earth).
7 And don’t say, ‘Who will go down to the place of the dead [for us]?’ (to bring Christ back to life again).”
8 In fact, it says,
“The message is very close at hand;
it is on your lips and in your heart.”
And that message is the very message about [fully believing which//faith that] we preach:
11 As the Scriptures tell us, “Anyone who [believes//trusts] in him will never be disgraced.”
[Here in rapid succession, NLT used three English words for one word in Greek. I continue to maintain that using one word will help us understand what Paul is saying. I think the NLT would be better if either ‘trust’ or ‘believe’ were used consistently. ‘Faith’ is too fuzzy and abstract in English, which can lead to strange, unbiblical interpretations.]
17 So [people fully believe through//faith comes from] hearing, that is, hearing the Good News about Christ.
19 But I ask, did the people of Israel really understand? Yes, they did, for even in the time of Moses, God said,
“I will rouse your jealousy through people who are not even a nation.
I will provoke your anger through the foolish [non-Jews//Gentiles].”

Right-click to download, then choose Save link as.

GN-DBRP_155 1SA.28 1SA.29 PSA.106.1-27 ROM.10

1SAMUEL 28-29:
Saul came after David again with 3,000 men, and David showed his integrity again and his daring. But even though Saul repented again, David made the decision to get out of the country so that he would not continually be in danger. He went to Achish the Philistine king in Gath. The part about the raids upon three enemy people groups is not one of the noble chapters of David’s life.

PSALM 106a:
Psalm 106 is a companion to 105, as it again is a historical psalm. I see a very significant correspondence with the section of Romans we are now reading. Can you see it?

ROMANS 10a:
In our second reading in Romans 9 we saw that the differing responses of the Jews vs. the non-Jews to the Good News was already predicted by God. The majority rejection of the Gospel by the Jews was no surprise to God. People today continue to stumble over the ‘great rock’ God has placed in their path.

GNT Translation notes:
Ps.106:26 So he [gave//have] them a solemn warning that he would make them die in the desert
====
Rom. 10:6 But what the scripture says about being put right with God through faith is this: “You are not to ask yourself, Who will go up into heaven?” (that is, to bring Christ down).
8 What it says is this: “God’s message is near you, on your lips and in your heart”?that is, the message [about believing//of faith] that we preach.
10 For it is by our [believing//faith] that we are put right with God; it is by our confession that we are saved.
17 So then, [people believe through//faith comes from] hearing the message, and the message [is conveyed//comes] through preaching [about] Christ.
18 But I ask: Is it true that [the people of Israel//they] did not hear the message? Of course they did?for as the scripture says: [PET “The sun, moon, and all of the stars speak the news about God to the whole world that He is the one who created everything. So people have no reason
not to know God.”//”The sound of their voice went out to all the world; their words reached the ends of the earth.”]
19 Again I ask: Did the people of Israel not understand? Moses himself is the first one to answer[, when he quotes God’s words]: “I will use a so-called nation to make my people jealous; and by means of a nation of fools I will make my people angry.”
20 And Isaiah is even bolder when he [quotes God, saying//says], “I was found by those who were not looking for me; I appeared to those who were not asking for me.”

NLT Translation notes:
Rom. 10:8 In fact, it says,
“The message is very close at hand;
it is on your lips and in your heart.”
And that message is the very message about [fully believing//faith] that we preach:
11 As the Scriptures tell us, “Anyone who [believes//trusts] in him will never be disgraced.”
[Here in rapid succession, NLT used three English words for one word in Greek. I continue to maintain that using one word will help us understand what Paul is saying. I think either ‘trust’ or ‘believe’ could be used consistently. ‘Faith’ is too fuzzy and abstract in English.]
17 So [people fully believe through//faith comes from] hearing, that is, hearing the Good News about Christ.
19 But I ask, did the people of Israel really understand? Yes, they did, for even in the time of Moses, God said,
“I will rouse your jealousy through people who are not even a nation.
I will provoke your anger through the foolish [non-Jews//Gentiles].”

Right-click to download, then choose Save link as.

NL-DBRP_155 1SA.28 1SA.29 PSA.106.1-27 ROM.10

1SAMUEL 28-29:
Saul came after David again with 3,000 men, and David showed his integrity again and his daring. But even though Saul repented again, David made the decision to get out of the country so that he would not continually be in danger. He went to Achish the Philistine king in Gath. The part about the raids upon three enemy people groups is not one of the noble chapters of David’s life.

PSALM 106a:
Psalm 106 is a companion to 105, as it again is a historical psalm. I see a very significant correspondence with the section of Romans we are now reading. Can you see it?

ROMANS 10a:
In our second reading in Romans 9 we saw that the differing responses of the Jews vs. the non-Jews to the Good News was already predicted by God. The majority rejection of the Gospel by the Jews was no surprise to God. People today continue to stumble over the ‘great rock’ God has placed in their path.

GNT Translation notes:
Ps.106:26 So he [gave//have] them a solemn warning that he would make them die in the desert
====
Rom. 10:6 But what the scripture says about being put right with God through faith is this: “You are not to ask yourself, Who will go up into heaven?” (that is, to bring Christ down).
8 What it says is this: “God’s message is near you, on your lips and in your heart”?that is, the message [about believing//of faith] that we preach.
10 For it is by our [believing//faith] that we are put right with God; it is by our confession that we are saved.
17 So then, [people believe through//faith comes from] hearing the message, and the message [is conveyed//comes] through preaching [about] Christ.
18 But I ask: Is it true that [the people of Israel//they] did not hear the message? Of course they did?for as the scripture says: [PET “The sun, moon, and all of the stars speak the news about God to the whole world that He is the one who created everything. So people have no reason
not to know God.”//”The sound of their voice went out to all the world; their words reached the ends of the earth.”]
19 Again I ask: Did the people of Israel not understand? Moses himself is the first one to answer[, when he quotes God’s words]: “I will use a so-called nation to make my people jealous; and by means of a nation of fools I will make my people angry.”
20 And Isaiah is even bolder when he [quotes God, saying//says], “I was found by those who were not looking for me; I appeared to those who were not asking for me.”

NLT Translation notes:
Rom. 10:8 In fact, it says,
“The message is very close at hand;
it is on your lips and in your heart.”
And that message is the very message about [fully believing//faith] that we preach:
11 As the Scriptures tell us, “Anyone who [believes//trusts] in him will never be disgraced.”
[Here in rapid succession, NLT used three English words for one word in Greek. I continue to maintain that using one word will help us understand what Paul is saying. I think either ‘trust’ or ‘believe’ could be used consistently. ‘Faith’ is too fuzzy and abstract in English.]
17 So [people fully believe through//faith comes from] hearing, that is, hearing the Good News about Christ.
19 But I ask, did the people of Israel really understand? Yes, they did, for even in the time of Moses, God said,
“I will rouse your jealousy through people who are not even a nation.
I will provoke your anger through the foolish [non-Jews//Gentiles].”

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GN-DBRP_154 1SA.26 1SA.27 PSA.105.23-45 ROM.9.6-33

1SAMUEL 26-27:
Yesterday we heard the story of the cur Nabal and his intelligent and beautiful wife, Abigail. After Nabal was struck down by the Lord, Abigail became one of David’s wives.

PSALM 105b:
Today’s psalm is for teaching and reminding each generation of the children of Israel about the great things God has done for the Jewish people.

ROMANS 9b:
Note that we have entered a difficult section of Romans. Romans 12 starts with, “Therefore, I urge you, brothers and sisters, in view of God’s mercies, ?” But if you look back at what goes right before that in chapter 11, that doesn’t seem to be what Paul is going back to with the word ‘Therefore’. Can you find what Paul was going back to and how the sections we will read for the next few days fit together?

GNT Translation notes:
Rom. 9: 30 So we say that the Gentiles, who were not trying to put themselves right with God, were put right with him through [believing//faith];
32 And why not? Because they did not depend on [believing//faith] but on what they did. And so they stumbled over the “stumbling stone”
33 that the scripture speaks of: “Look, I place in [Jerusalem//Zion] a stone that will make people stumble, a rock that will make them fall. But whoever believes in him will not be disappointed.”

NLT Translation notes:
Ps. 105:37 The LORD [then] brought his people out of Egypt, loaded with silver and gold;
and not one among the tribes of Israel even stumbled.
====
Rom. 9:24 And we are among those whom he selected, both from the Jews and from the [non-Jews//Gentiles].
25 Concerning the [non-Jews//Gentiles], God says in the prophecy of Hosea,
“Those who were not my people,
I will now call my people.
And I will love those
whom I did not love before.”
30 What does all this mean? Even though the [non-Jews//Gentiles] were not trying to follow God’s standards, they were made right with God. And it was by [their fully believing//faith] that this took place.
32 Why not? Because they were trying to get right with God by keeping the law instead of by [fully believing his promises//trusting in him]. They stumbled over the great rock in their path.
[Here the NLT was inconsistent. Before now they have used ‘believe’ and ‘faith’ to translate the same root ‘pistews’ And now they used ‘trust’. Of course, every word of every language has a range of meanings. I have no problem with translating ‘pisteos’ as ‘trust’, per se. It is just that using ‘trust’ here does not help us see the continuity of what Paul has been saying in this book. I would be quite happy to go back through all of Romans and change ‘fully believing’ to ‘fully trusting’. It is important we keep the cohesion between v.32, 33, and 10:4.]
33 God warned them of this in the Scriptures when he said,
“I am placing a stone in Jerusalem that makes people stumble,
a rock that makes them fall.
But anyone who [believes//trusts] in him
will never be disgraced.”

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